Black Pepper Essential Oil (Piper nigrum) has a pungent, crisp aroma that is comforting and energizing and is supportive of the digestive system and is useful topically for soothing muscle discomfort following exercise. Black pepper essential oil may also be used to enhance the flavor of foods. Pepper has an approximate ORAC of 796,635 (TE/L). TE/L is expressed as micromole Trolox equivalent per liter.
Historical Data: Used by the Egyptians in mummification as evidenced by the discovery of black pepper in the nostrils and abdomen of Ramses II. Indian monks ate several black peppercorns a day to give them endurance during their arduous travels. In ancient times pepper was as valuable as gold or silver. When the barbarian Goth tribes of Europe vanquished Rome in 410 AD, they demanded 3,000 pounds of pepper as well as other valuables as a ransom. Traditional Chinese healers used pepper to treat cholera, malaria, and digestive problems.
Black Pepper Essential Oil Key Constituents:
Beta Caryophyllene — 25-35%
Limonene — 8-12%
Sabinene — 5-10%
Alpha and Beta Pinenes — 10-15%
Black Pepper Essential Oil Research:
HerbClip: Herbs and Spices with Antioxidant and/or Antimicrobial Compounds ~ turmeric, allspice, mace, rosemary, nutmeg, ginger, cassia, cinnamon, oregano, savory, and sage. Aniseed, basil, cardamom, marjoram, and black and white pepper have also been reported to have some antioxidant activity. These results have prompted studies of various...
Unnikrishnan MC, et al, "Tumoour reducing and anticarcinogenic activity of selected spices." Cancer Leu, 1990;51(1):85-9.
Haze S, Sakai K, gozu Y. et al., Effects of fragrance inhalation on sympathetic activity in normal adults. Jpn J Pharmacol. 2002 Nov;90(3):247-53.
Wellness Solutions: stimulates metabolism, supports natural defenses and boosts the immune system. Use Therapeutic Grade Black Pepper Essential Oil for obsesity, arthritis, digestive problems, fatigue, nerve/muscle stress, fungal infections.
Fragrance: stimulating, energizine and empowering. A 2002 study found that fragrance inhalation of pepper oil induced a 1.7-fold increase in plasma adrenaline concentration (Haze et al.).
To learn more about essential oils and to experience the application of therapeutic grade essential oils, join one of our workshops. I also offer individual Aromatherapy consultation. To book a session, please sms 016-4525363 and I will call you back.
And please do click on our Young Living Essential Oils Link to read more about the Young Living Essential Oils.
Choong Han Ni Young Living Member No 1350523